When you provision a new SharePoint publishing site, one of the first options you’ll see on the default welcome page is to use the Variations feature to manage multi-lingual sites and pages. “Variations is a SharePoint feature that facilitates the management and maintenance of content that can be served to multiple audiences. These audiences can vary in terms of different languages, countries, or regions, but they can also represent different brands or devices.” How does Variations work? For each channel you wish to serve content, you can specify a Variations label. Labels are instantiated as SharePoint publishing sites and full set of labels in a site collection is referred to as Variations Hierarchy. Using variations, target variation sites reflect one source variation site in terms of pages and site structure. When setting up variations, specify one variation site as the source; all other variation sites are targets. By default, pages published on source variation site are copied to all target variation sites as draft versions and sites created on source are created (not copied – this’s an important distinction) on all target variation sites. You can only have one source variation site per Variation Hierarchy and you can only have one Variation Hierarchy per site collection.”
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