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Japan Prize Honors Google’s Ken Thompson for Early Development Work on UNIX Operating System

This week, Google’s Ken Thompson was awarded the Japan Prize, one of the most prestigious prizes in science, in the category of Information and Communications.

From left to right: Vint Cerf, Ken Thompson, Hiroyuki Yoshikawa

“Ken shares the prize along with his former collaborator, Dennis Ritchie, for their development of the operating system UNIX. They both worked at Bell Labs in 1969, when they began developing an open source operating system that emphasized portability, small modules and superior design. UNIX served as a core infrastructure element in the information field, including the Internet, and operating systems carrying on the UNIX philosophy are now being used everywhere from mobile phones to supercomputers. As Foundation Chair Hiroyuki Yoshikawa noted, UNIX has been “a major driving force behind the development of the information age” with clear overarching benefits to society.”

In a short video about Ken and Dennis shown during the ceremony, Ken made this observation: “Research and development are two different things. Development has clear goals, but research is goal-less because it is the act of discovering something new. My advice to researchers is to continue enjoying the research at hand….UNIX resulted from research into new things we were merely interested in. We were very lucky it turned out to be very fruitful.”

“Established in 1985, the Japan Prize is awarded annually to esteemed scientists around the world for outstanding achievement in the field of science and technology that also aids in the advancement of peace and prosperity. Traditionally, the Japan Prize is awarded during a week-long celebration in Tokyo–even their Majesties, the Emperor and Empress of Japan, participate. Given the devastating earthquake and tsunami in Japan two months ago, the Foundation understandably concluded that the ceremonies shouldn’t be held this year. However, the Emperor insisted that the Foundation should travel to the U.S. to present the award to Ken and Dennis.”

[Source: Google blog]

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