Intel has assessed Windows 7 extensively, comparing it with Windows XP SP3, and found that the successor of Vista was superior. And nothing speaks better than Intel’s stance on Windows 7 than the fact that the CPU maker upgraded in excess of 100,000 machines from XP SP3 starting in early 2010. “Working with Microsoft made it possible for us to perform a detailed early evaluation of the operating system and to provide feedback to Microsoft from the perspective of a large enterprise,” stated John Gonzalez of Intel. “A preliminary conservative TCO analysis of Windows 7 showed potential net present value of $11 million over a five-year refresh cycle,” said Gonzalez. According to Microsoft, there are two main aspects, which contribute to driving down TCO, namely lower help-desk costs that is the result of increased stability and built-in troubleshooting tools, but also diminished desktop PC energy consumption.