The Server Message Protocol (SMB) is the file sharing protocol used by default on Windows-based computers. Although file sharing and network protocols are primarily supported by our Networking team, it is important to understand how SMB works given its importance to network activities. SMB 2.0 was introduced in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. SMB 1.0 was designed for early Windows network operating systems such as Microsoft LAN Manager and Windows for Workgroups. SMB 2.0 is designed for the needs of the next generation of file servers. Both Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista support SMB 1.0 and SMB 2.0.
There are several enhancements in SMB 2.0, including:
- Sending multiple SMB commands in the same packet which reduces the number of packets sent between a client and server
- Larger buffer sizes
- Increased scalability, including an increase in the number of concurrent open file handles on the server and the number of shares that a server can share out
- Support for Durable Handles that can withstand short network problems
- Support of Symbolic Links