At the Supercomputing 2010 conference, Microsoft released the "NCBI BLAST on Windows Azure," that enables a broader community of scientists to combine desktop resources with power of cloud computing for critical biological research.
Microsoft also showcased the enormous scale of the app on Azure, demonstrating its use for 100 billion comparisons of protein sequences in a database managed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information.
NCBI BLAST is available from Microsoft at no cost, and Azure resources are available at no charge to many researchers through Microsoft's Global Cloud Research Engagement Initiative. More information is available here.
Microsoft also said that this year end it'll release Windows HPC Server 2008 R2 SP1.
In addition, Microsoft announced that Windows HPC Server has surpassed a petaflop of performance, a degree of scale achieved by fewer than a dozen supercomputers worldwide. The Tokyo Institute of Technology has verified that its Tsubame 2.0 supercomputer running on HPC Server has exceeded the ability to execute a quadrillion mathematical computations per second.