Hyper-V uses a hypervisor-based architecture and leverages the driver model of Windows for broad hardware support. The hypervisor partitions a server into containers of CPU and memory. As a micro-kernel, it provides mechanisms for inter-partition communication upon which our new high-performance synthetic I/O architecture is built. The root partition owns physical I/O devices and provides services including I/O implemented by the virtualization stack to the child partitions.
The virtualization stack implements emulated I/O devices such as an IDE controller and a DEC 21140A network adapter. However, it is expensive to virtualize such devices. Sending a single I/O might require multiple trips between the virtualization stack and child partition. Instead, Hyper-V exposes synthetic I/O devices that are specially designed for VM environments. These devices are attached to VMBus, which is a plug-and-play capable bus that uses shared memory for efficient inter-partition communication. The Windows guests detect the devices on VMBus and loads the appropriate drivers.
Synthetic I/O in Hyper-V uses a client-server architecture with Virtualization Service Providers (VSPs) in the root and Virtualization Service Clients (VSCs) in the child. This architecture significantly reduces the cost of sending an I/O. Virtual Server customers should observe a major reduction in CPU usage in I/O-intensive loads when they migrate their VMs to Hyper-V.
In addition, we developed operating system enlightenments for Windows Server 2008, which make the NT kernel and memory manager smarter in VM environments, again to reduce the cost of virtualization.
Microsoft, Windows Server 2008, WS2008, Win2K8, Windows Server, Hyper-V, Multiprocessor, Virtyalization