OpenSocial emerged from demands of consumer-facing social networking sites, including MySpace, LinkedIn, and Ning. The rise of online social networking, and changing nature of consumer web, have both made OpenSocial increasingly relevant to business and enterprises. Beyond social capabilities for accessing and sharing user profile, relationship and activity data, OpenSocial can also be used as a general purpose web application integration technology, providing open standards for browser-based components known as gadgets. For non-browser/ui data transfer OpenSocial also includes a REST based server-to-server protocol. “The white paper is intended for IT professionals, development managers, and Chief Technology Officers (CTOs) who’re leading organizational changes through social computing by embracing standards and Web 2.0 approaches,” writes Google.
More info: "Enterprise OpenSocial White paper"!