"Alam Ara" ("The Light of the World") was the first movie featuring sound in India's history. It was debuted on March 14, 1931 in Bombay (now Mumbai), but no original prints of the film have survived to present day due to a fire.
To celebrate the 80th anniversary of the movie, Google India has posted a "Alam Ara" movie theater-themed Doodle:
Reportedly, the film was so popular that police were called to control the huge crowds. Based on a play, the movie is about an aging king and a rivalry between two queens over who will bear the king's heir. It featured the first song and soundtrack in Indian cinema history.
Both the movie and its music were widely successful, including the hit song De de khuda ke naam per, which was also the first song of the Indian cinema, and was sung by actor Wazir Mohammed Khan who played a fakir in the film. As playback singing had yet to start in Indian cinema, it was recorded live with musical accompaniment of a harmonium and a tabla.
The film also marked the beginning of filmi music in the Cinema of India, as noted film director Shyam Benegal said, "It was not just a talkie. It was a talking and singing film with more singing and less talking. It had a number of songs and that actually set the template for the kind of films that were made later", Wikipedia.